Solo Song

Solo songs, though not constituting a major form, were being written in many parts of Europe.  The English "lute song" is sometimes associated the Renaissance, but it is arguable an expression of the Baroque as well.  Like the German lied, lute songs were often strophic.  They are also treasured for the rich quality of their poetry.  Baroque Lieder were usually of folk character, in binary or ternary form, resembling small arias, and with instrumental accompaniment.  The accompanied solo madrigal, from Italy, is distinguished from its 16th-century predecessors, which were unaccompanied part songs.

(see also Art Song)