A song is a short composition for solo voice, usually but not necessarily accompanied, and written in a fairly simple style.  Based on a poetic text, it is designed so as to enhance rather than overshadow the text.  The song is the oldest musical form and is found in all periods and places.

The most notable body of Latin songs is the 12th- and early 13th-century "Carmina burana."   About 1100 a great flowering of song started with the French troubadours and trouveres, and continued with the German minnesingers and meistersinger.