19th Century Nationalistic Opera

In addition to Italian, French, and German operas, there were operatic developments in those countries where nationalism was strong, especially in Russia and Bohemia.  These operas were also based on folklore or upon events of national significance with nationally important personages.  Composers such as Mussorgsky in Russia created works that are highly original, with great dramatic power but without using the closed forms of the the Italians and without imitating Wagner.

(see Opera)