Ernst Krenek  (1900-1991)

Born in Vienna but spent much of his creative life in the United States.  His music shows the influence of almost all the stylistic experiments of the early 20th century.  An early opera (1927), "Jonny spielt auf", utilized jazz idioms and had great success both in Europe and America.  After many experiments, Krenek finally embraced a modified twelve-tone style.  A prolific composer, he composed eleven operas, three ballets, incidental music for seven plays, a large number of choral works, five symphonies, four piano concertos, six piano sonatas, and eight string quartets.  He is also the author of several books, including "Music Here and Now."

He continued to write experimentally in his later years.  Representative works are "Aulokithara", for oboe, harp, and tape.  "Spätlese," a song cycle written in 1973, and "They Knew What they Wanted," for narrator, oboe, piano, and percussion (1977).