Edward Elgar (1857 - 1934)

British composer of choral, orchestral, chamber, and instrumental music. Known for the oratorio "The Dream of Gerontius" (1900) and the tone poem "Enigma Variations" (1899).  A chronological list of Elgar's works is like an autobiography of his interior life within English society, from the early choral works about the "hero" bringing new vision and even a childlike sense of wonder ("The Black Knight" op. 25, 1889), to the mysterious tone poems that, while they lack a specific program, often contain musical portraits of friends and family in the process of self-discovery (Enigma Variations), and finally to the stark landscape and lone-survivor solos of the "Concerto for Cello & Orchestra in e minor" (1919). He is known for developing a unique variation technique for symphonic writing and for the popular Pomp and Circumstance March no. 1.